Zika Virus InfectionsDiagnostics Landscape

  • Originally published on 21 October 2017
    Posted on 22 October 2017

Because of a recent and ongoing epidemic, Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is of worldwide concern. ZIKV infection has generally been considered an unimportant public health problem with only sporadic cases in humans reported in the literature until 2006. However, with an epidemic in Brazil in 2015-2016, which is estimated at between 440,000 and 1.3 million cases, some of which have been associated with fetal microcephaly and other neurological disorders, ZIKV infection is now considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. As of early October 2016, active ZIKV transmission was taking place in 50 countries and territories in the Americas, 8 countries and territories in the Oceania/Pacific Islands, 1 country in Africa and 1 country in Asia.

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